Abstract 89: The Ventriculo-Ventricular Coupling Index: A Novel Approach to Assessing Biventricular Function
Bi-ventricular (Bi-V) function in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) or PH secondary to left heart failure (SPH) remains difficult to characterize. As a measure of ventricular efficiency, ventriculo-arterial coupling (VAC) is calculated as the ratio of effective arterial elastance (Ea) to end-systolic elastance (Ees). No measure currently assesses ventriculo-ventricular coupling (VVC). Therefore, we developed a novel catheter-based approach to quantify Bi-V function using pressure-volume loop (PVL) analysis and hypothesized that Bi-V VAC ratios, defined as the VVC index (VVCI), may discriminate PPH and SPH.
Methods: Adult male mice (n=6/group) underwent constriction of the pulmonary artery (PAC) or thoracic aorta (TAC) to model PPH and SPH respectively. Sham-operated animals underwent a left thoracotomy. Closed chest simultaneous Bi-V catheterization was performed after 7 days in PPH and 10 weeks in SPH. Conductance catheters were used for right and left ventricular PVL analysis via the right external jugular vein and right common carotid artery under steady-state conditions and with variable preload.
Results: Steady-state Bi-V PVL and changes in VAC ratios and the VVCI are shown below. In sham mice VAC ratios and the VVCI reflect optimal ventricular efficiency. In PPH, the VVCI is significantly increased, while in SPH, the VVCI is significantly decreased compared to controls.
Conclusion:These results identify a novel method to quantify Bi-V function in mice and further show that the VVCI can distinguish PPH and SPH. These findings have important implications for examining cardiac function in preclinical and clinical studies of left- and right-sided heart failure.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.