Abstract 340: From Stem Cells to Cardiomyocytes: HDAC1 Induces Cardiovascular Differentiation by Regulating SOX17-BMP2 Expression in Early Development.
Cardiomyocytes derived from embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cells (ES/iPS) provide an excellent source for cell replacement therapies following myocardial ischemia. However, some of the obstacles in the realization of the full potential of iPS/ES cells arise from incomplete and poorly understood molecular mechanisms and epigenetic modifications that govern their cardiovascular specific differentiation. We identified Histone Deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) as a crucial regulator in early differentiation of mES and iPS cells. We propose a novel pathway in which HDAC1 regulates cardiovascular differentiation by regulating SOX17 which in turn regulates BMP2 signaling in differentiating pluripotent cells.
Utilizing stable HDAC1 knock-down (HDAC1-KD) cell lines, we report an essential role for HDAC1 in deacetylating regulatory regions of pluripotency-associated genes during early cardiovascular differentiation. HDAC1-KD cells show severely repressed cardiomyocyte differentiation potential. We propose a novel HDAC1-BMP2-SOX17 dependent pathway through which deacetylation of pluripotency associated genes leads to their suppression and allows for early cardiovascular-associated genes to be expressed and differentiation to occur. Furthermore, we show that HDAC1 affects DNA methylation both during pluripotency and differentiation and plays a crucial, non-redundant role in cardiovascular specific differentiation and cardiomyocyte maturation.
Our data elucidates important differences between ES and iPS HDAC1-KD cells that affect their ability to differentiate into cardiovascular lineages. As varying levels of chromatin modifying enzymes are likely to exist in patient derived iPS cells, understanding the molecular circuitry of these enzymes in ES and iPS cells is critical for their potential therapeutic applications in regenerative medicine. Further research in the molecular mechanisms involved in this process will greatly aid our understanding of the epigenetic circuitry of pluripotency and differentiation in pluripotent cells.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.