Abstract 304: Global Transcriptional Effects of Vitamin A Deficiency on the Postnatal Heart
Vitamin A (VA) is the chemical precursor of retinoic acid (RA), which is critical for embryonic development and for growth, immunity, metabolism, and cell differentiation in postnatal regenerating systems such as skin, sensory organs, and stem cell niches in the brain. VA is also essential for embryonic heart development, and we hypothesized that Vitamin A might exert an effect on the postnatal heart similar to what is observed for other tissues. Here, we report the global transcriptional profiles of wild-type (WT) mice fed a VA sufficient diet (VAS) compared with retinyl acyl transferase (LRAT) knock-out mice fed either a VAS or VA deficient (VAD) diet. Knockout of the LRAT gene alone was sufficient to induce differential expression of 576 genes relative to WT. Feeding LRAT mutant mice a VAD diet resulted in a change in the relative expression levels of 257 genes relative to LRAT mutant mice fed a VAS diet. As expected, we observed transcriptional alterations related to Vitamin A metabolism, including an increase in the gene encoding cellular retinoid binding protein 7 and down-regulation of the retinol metabolic enzymes Cy1a2 and Cyp2a4. Importantly, several cardiac genes not previously known to require VA were perturbed, including the gene encoding B-type natriuretic peptide, which was down-regulated in mutant mice irrespective of diet, and A-type natriuretic peptide, which was decreased only in mice fed the VAD diet. There was also a striking effect of VAD on genes important for immune responses, which could have an impact on the wound healing process subsequent to injury of the heart. This is consistent with recent evidence that showed that Vitamin A deficiency influences post-infarct ventricular remodeling in rats. In summary, this is the first microarray study of Vitamin A deficiency in the postnatal heart, which suggests mechanisms by which Vitamin A depletion may alter myocardial maintenance and repair after injury.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.