Abstract 286: Long Noncoding RNAs Are Differentially Expressed in Heart Failure
Heart failure comprises of clinically distinct inciting causes but a consistent pattern of change in myocardial gene expression supports the hypothesis that unifying biochemical mechanisms underlie disease progression. The recent RNA-seq revolution has enabled whole transcriptome profiling, using deep-sequencing technologies. Up to 70% of the genome is now known to be transcribed into RNA, a significant proportion of which is long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), defined as polyribonucleotides of ≥200 nucleotides. This project aims to discover whether the myocardium expression of lncRNAs changes in the failing heart.
Paired end RNA-seq from a 300-400bp library of ‘stretched’ mouse myocyte total RNA was carried out to generate 76-mer sequence reads. Mechanically stretching myocytes with equibiaxial stretch apparatus mimics pathological hypertrophy in the heart. Transcripts were assembled and aligned to reference genome mm9 (UCSC), abundance determined and differential expression of novel transcripts and alternative splice variants were compared with that of control (non-stretched) mouse myocytes. Five novel transcripts have been identified in our RNA-seq that are differentially expressed in stretched myocytes compared with non-stretched. These are regions of the genome that are currently unannotated and potentially are transcribed into non-coding RNAs. Roles of known lncRNAs include control of gene expression, either by direct interaction with complementary regions of the genome or association with chromatin remodelling complexes which act on the epigenome.Changes in expression of genes which contribute to the deterioration of the failing heart could be due to the actions of these novel lncRNAs, immediately suggesting a target for new pharmaceuticals.
Changes in the expression of these novel transcripts will be validated in a larger sample size of stretched myocytes vs non-stretched myocytes as well as in the hearts of transverse aortic constriction (TAC) mice vs Sham (surgical procedure without the aortic banding). In vivo investigations will then be carried out, using siLNA antisense technology to silence novel lncRNAs in mice.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.