Abstract 285: Cardiac Inflammation and Fibrosis Induced by Heart Failure Are Reversed by Short-Duration Estrogen Therapy
Heart failure is generally characterized by increased fibrosis and inflammation, which leads to functional and contractile defects. We have previously shown that short-term estrogen (E2) treatment can rescue pressure overload-induced decompensated heart failure (HF) in mice. Here, we investigate the anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects of E2 on reversing the adverse remodeling of the left ventricle which occurs during the progression to heart failure. Trans-aortic constriction procedure was used to induce HF. Once the ejection fraction reached ∼30%, one group of mice was sacrificed and the other group was treated with E2 (30 αg/kg/day) for 10 days. In vitro, co-cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes and fibroblasts were treated with Angiotensin II (AngII) to simulate cardiac stress, both in the presence or absence of E2. In vivo RT-PCR showed that the transcript levels of the pro-fibrotic markers Collagen I, TGFβ, Fibrosin 1 (FBRS) and Lysil Oxidase (LOX) were significantly upregulated in HF (from 1.00±0.16 to 1.83±0.11 for Collagen 1, 1±0.86 to 4.33±0.59 for TGFβ, 1±0.52 to 3.61±0.22 for FBRS and 1.00±0.33 to 2.88±0.32 for LOX) and were reduced with E2 treatment to levels similar to CTRL. E2 also restored in vitro AngII-induced upregulation of LOX, TGFβ and Collagen 1 (LOX:1±0.23 in CTRL, 6.87±0.26 in AngII and 2.80±1.5 in AngII+E2; TGFβ: 1±0.08 in CTRL, 3.30±0.25 in AngII and 1.59±0.21 in AngII+E2; Collagen 1: 1±0.05 in CTRL.2±0.01 in AngII and 0.65±0.02 (p<0.05, values normalized to CTRL)). Furthermore, the pro-inflammatory interleukins IL-1β and IL-6 were upregulated from 1±0.19 to 1.90±0.09 and 1±0.30 to 5.29±0.77 in the in vivo model of HF, respectively, and reversed to CTRL levels with E2 therapy. In vitro, IL-1β was also significantly increased ∼ 4 fold from 1±0.63 in CTRL to 3.86±0.14 with AngII treatment and restored to 1.29±0.77 with Ang+E2 treatment. Lastly, the anti-inflammatory interleukin IL-10 was downregulated from 1.00±0.17 to 0.49±0.03 in HF and reversed to 0.67±0.09 in vivo with E2 therapy (all values normalized to CTRL). This data strongly suggests that one of the mechanisms for the beneficial action of estrogen on left ventricular heart failure is through reversal of inflammation and fibrosis.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.