Abstract 272: RBPJ Controls the Angiogenic Response of Mouse Adult Cardiomyocytes
Cardiac microvasculature density is critical for a correct cardiac function under normal and stress conditions. We found that the transcription factor RBPJ, downstream of the Notch signalling, can regulate angiogenic factors gene expression by repression (normal homeostasis) or activation (stress) and also by modulating the hypoxia induced angiogenic response.
Accordingly, in normal conditions cardiomyocyte specific RBPJ KO adult mice hearts show a denser microvasculature. Isolated mouse adult cardiomyocytes show increased gene expression and promoter hyperacetylation and hypermethylation of angiogenic factors and Notch target genes (like HES1).
Stress induced by myocardial infarction (MI) or cardiac overload (TAC) activate an angiogenic response to compensate the increased oxygen demand. Notch pathway is activated and RBPJ accumulated in the nucleus after MI and TAC. After TAC, deletion of RBPJ did not block hypertrophy induction, but prevented the increase in angiogenic factor production and microvessel density that normally occurs in response to increased workload. Remarkably, the KO preserved cardiac function and reduced cell death and fibrosis after myocardial infarction. Thus, RBPJ acts in cardiomyocytes as a master factor orchestrating homeostatic and disease-induced angiogenesis, and modulating RBPJ protects against ischemic injury.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.