Abstract 267: The Impact of Modulating Afterload on Cardiac Progenitor Cells
Background: Increased hemodynamic stress induces left ventricular hypertrophy followed by heart failure. Accumulating evidence suggests that the adult mammalian heart possess regeneration ability through the action of resident stem/progenitor cell. However, the effects of hemodynamic fluctuation on cardiac progenitor cell proliferation and cardiac repair remain unknown.
Results: Proliferation of Cardiac Side Population (CSP) cells and cardiomyocytes was evaluated in experimental models of Ascending Aortic Constriction (AAC)-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in mice, over a period of seven weeks. Continuous AAC caused LVH while increasing the number of BrdU+ CSP cells (one week post-AAC) and the amount of BrdU+ cardiomyocytes (seven weeks post-AAC). To evaluate the effects of pressure fluctuation on CSP cell and cardiomyocyte proliferation we generated another group (de-AAC) in which the constriction was removed one week post-AAC. Interestingly, restoration of cardiac pressure further increased the proliferative capacity of CSP cells and cardiomyocytes.
Conclusion: Our data show that restoration of hemodynamic stress confers favorable effects on cardiac repair through increase proliferation of CSP cells and cardiomyocytes. Thus, the hemodynamic state of the heart might be related to CSP cell proliferation and cardiomyogenesis.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.