Abstract 261: Endothelial Cells Contribute to RAS Activation in Microvascular Smooth Muscle Cells
Introduction: We have demonstrated that Ang II augments angiotensinogen (AGT) expression in rat preglomerular vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). However, it is unclear if endothelial cells (ECs) are involved in augmentation of AGT in renal afferent arterioles.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that the ECs respond to paracrine signals that Ang II contribute to AGT augmentation in VSMCs. Objective: We established primary cultures of preglomerular ECs and examined the effects of Ang II and/or culture medium from ECs on AGT expression in preglomerular VSMCs.
Methods and Results: We established primary cultures of preglomerular ECs, isolated from afferent arterioles of Sprague-Dawley rats. The cells were identified as ECs by being positive for a marker, CD34 and endothelial NOS and negative for alpha-SMA (a marker for VSMCs) and P4H-b (a marker for Fibroblasts) by immnostaining. The expression levels of AGT mRNA and renin mRNA in preglomerular ECs were examined by real-time RT-PCR. Ang II (100 pmol/L) increased AGT mRNA levels (1.34 +/- 0.16, by 100 pmol/L, N=4) and Renin mRNA levels (6.16 +/- 0.96, by 100 nmol/L, N=4) in ECs. On the other hand, the same dose of Ang II suppressed Renin mRNA expression in isolated Juxtaglomerular cells (JGs). These results indicate that preglomerular ECs are respond to Ang II and exclude the possible contamination of JGs into ECs. 100 pmol/L of Ang II increased AGT mRNA expression levels (1.37 +/- 0.03, relative ratio, N=4) in preglomerular VSMCs and the culture medium of ECs without Ang II treatment also more increased AGT mRNA expression (1.62 +/- 0.13, relative ratio, N=4) in preglomerular VSMCs. The AGT mRNA expression augmentation was enhanced when preglomerular VSMCs were treated with culture medium of Ang II-treated preglomerular ECs (2.39 +/- 0.41, relative ratio, N=4). The synergistic effects of Ang II and preglomerular ECs were also observed in PAI-1 expression in preglomerular VSMCs.
Conclusion: These data demonstrate that preglomerular ECs contribute to Ang II-upregulation of AGT in renal afferent arterioles leading to further Ang II augmentation, which leads to increases in inflammatory and sclerotic factors in preglomerular VSMCs.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.