Abstract 259: Histone Deacetylase1 and 2 Are Increased in Myofibroblasts/Fibroblasts After MI
Myofibroblast activation after myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the major mechanisms of myocardial fibrosis and subsequent heart failure. Elucidating the mechanisms of myofibroblast activation will provide a strategy to treat heart failure. Histone Deacetylases (HDAC) were reported to regulate myofibroblast differentiation and extracellular matrix deposition in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Furthermore, HDAC inhibitors were shown to retards myocardial remodeling and improve cardiac function after MI. Therefore, here we examined whether HDAC1/2 are up-regulated after MI, and identify which myocardial cell type is predominately expressing HDAC. MI was created in rats by ligation of the left coronary artery. First, we assessed expression of HDAC 1 and 2 following MI in heart sections. Both HDACs uniformly expressed in myocardium in right ventricular (LV) and left ventricular (LV) in sham hearts. On the other hand, we observed up-regulation of both HDAC1 and 2 in the infarcted LV following MI. In addition, HDAC1 and 2 were co-localized with fibroblast marker Vimentin in the infarcted area. Next, we performed western blot analysis to investigate protein levels of HDAC1 and HDAC2 in right ventricular (RV), septum (S) and LV (infarcted and remote area). We found up-regulation of HDAC1 and HDAC2 only in the infarcted area compared to sham rats. Altogether these results suggest HDAC1 and 2 play a role in fibrosis following MI.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.