Abstract 200: Hypercoagulabilty Panel Testing in Neonates Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
Thrombosis is a crucial contributor of morbidity and mortality in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery. Although there is published data on several factors of the hemastatic system, there is no data correlating factor expression and/or function with thrombosis in neonates. We tested the hypothesis that hypercoagulability markers are predictive of thrombosis in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery. Sixty neonates undergoing cardiac surgery were tested for thrombin generation assay; coagulation factors; antithrombin III, protein C, protein S, and factor VIII; fibrinolytic inhibitors; thrombin-activatable fibrinolytic inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor; and presence of cardiolipin antibodies by immunoassays. Factor V Leiden mutation was also tested in a few patients utilizing single nucleotide polymorphism assays. In this pilot study, thrombosis occurred in 15% of the neonates undergoing cardiac surgery. Significant risk factors associated with thrombosis were pre-mature birth, use of cardio pulmonary bypass, and single ventricle physiology. Hypercoagulability factors associated with thrombosis determined by univarent analysis were elevated thrombin generation, enhanced expression of thrombin-activatable fibrinolytic inhibitor and plasminogen activator inhibitor as well as presence of cardiolipin antibodies and factor V Leiden mutation. No correlation was observed between thrombosis and expression of coagulation factors antithrombin III, protein C, protein S, and factor VIII. Multivarient analysis has proven to show thrombin generation, thrombin-activatable fibrinolytic inhibitor, and presence of cardiolipin antibodies as multivariable predictors of thrombosis. These significant hypercoagulability markers are independent predictors of thrombosis. Thus thrombosis predictability can help in post-operative management and care for neonates undergoing cardiac surgery by regulating pro- and/or anti-coagulation therapy.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.