Abstract 158: Regulation of miR-21 Expression by Acetylation in Myocardial Infarction
Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world, underlining the need for innovative therapies and diagnosis. Recent reports have identified microRNAs (miRNAs) as central players in regulating gene expression and showed that several miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in cardiac arrhythmia, hypertrophy, fibrosis, ischemia, vascular atherosclerosis and heart failure. Gene expression is also regulated at the transcriptional level by histone deacetylases (HDACs) under basal and pathological conditions. We previously demonstrated that 1) class I and class II HDACs play an important role in the basal expression and upregulation of the sodium-calcium exchanger (Ncx1) gene in adult cardiomyocytes and pressure-overloaded ventricle and 2) treatment with class I/IIb HDAC inhibitors trichostatin (TSA) or suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) improved ventricular function by suppressing matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) gene expression in myocardial infarction (MI).Therefore it is possible that protein acetylation regulates the expression of some miRNAs and we hypothesize that HDAC inhibition would attenuate the shift in expression of certain miRNAs that are aberrantly expressed post-MI.In a pilot study, ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was performed to induce MI with and without SAHA treatment. Because of its misregulation and relevance in cardiac hypertrophy and MI, we examined the expression level of miR-21. qRT-PCR confirmed that miR-21 is increased by 8 fold 7 days post-MI. Interestingly, SAHA treatment significantly attenuated the abnormal expression of miR-21. To our knowledge, it is the first report of the regulation of a miRNA by HDACs in the heart. We anticipate that not only miR-21 but other miRNAs will fall under the same mechanistic control via acetylation. The miR-21 promoter contains binding sites for several transcription factors that get acetylated and we speculate that one or more HDAC mediate the expression of miR-21 by controlling the acetylation state of transcription factors interacting with the miR-21 promoter.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.