Abstract 155: TGF-β1 Positively Modulates Cell-Metal Interaction in Cardiovascular Applications
Introduction: The interaction between a metallic implant and local cells in the cardiovascular system determines the fate of the implant. We have recently developed a hybrid scaffold for tissue engineering of valves, which consists of an extra thin layer of Stainless Steel mesh tightly enclosed by three distinct layers of cells. We have examined the effect of TGF-β1 on degree of cell attachment to the metal mesh.
Methods and Results: By using a 3D cell culture method a Stainless Steel mesh with desired size and thickness was enclosed through cultured layers of cells similar to a heart valve leaflet pattern. Human aortic smooth muscle cells and adventitial fibroblast/myofibroblast cells were used to fulfill the role of valvular interstitial cells, and human umbilical vascular endothelial cells were used to cover the construct in place of the valvular endothelial cells. The layers were seeded in sequence on a three dimensional, porous biological scaffold comprised of bovine type I collagen gel mixture. The effect of TGF-β1 supplementation at proper time-steps on the cultured hybrid tissue after two months of cell culture was determined. TGF-β supplementation resulted in significant increase in proliferation, and extra ingrowths into the outer portions of the tissue. DAPI staining of nuclei showed that the number of cells at the surface of the mesh progressively increased due to TGF-β, and eventually formed a thicker tissue around the mesh
Conclusions: We have demonstrated the effects of TGF-β1 on cell attachment and tissue development by using a hybrid tissue material that helped us study the direct cell-metal interactions in-vitro.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.