Abstract 137: Deficiency of Senescence Marker Protein 30 Exacerbates Doxorubicin-Induced Cardiac Dysfunction in Mice
Background: Senescence marker protein 30 (SMP30) was originally identified as an aging marker protein in the rat liver. The expression of SMP30 decreases with aging androgen-independently. Doxorubicin (DOX) has been used as a potent anticancer agent, but serious cardiotoxicity precludes its use in a wide range of patients. SMP30 may have anti-oxidative and anti-apoptosis functions in several organs, but functional role of SMP30 has not been rigorously examined in the heart. We hypothesized that SMP30 has cardio-protective function by anti-aging and anti-oxidant effects on DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction.
Method and Results: Male SMP30 knockout (SMP30KO) and age-matched littermate male wild-type (WT) mice at 12-14 weeks of age were given intraperitoneal injections of DOX (20 mg/kg) or saline. Seven days after DOX injection, echocardiography revealed that left ventricular ejection fraction in DOX-treated SMP30KO mice was more severely reduced than in DOX-treated WT mice (40.9 ± 3.1% vs. 46.9 ± 4.9%, P<0.01). Morphological examination of myocardial sections showed fibrotic change in DOX-treated SMP30KO mice significantly increased compared to DOX-treated WT mice (3.2 ± 0.5% vs. 1.3 ± 0.2%, P<0.01). Generation of reactive oxygen species assessed by dihydroethidium staining was greater in DOX-treated SMP30KO mice than DOX-treated WT mice (166.9 ± 8.6% vs. 131.6 ± 5.8%, P<0.01). Moreover, apoptotic signaling pathways such as caspase-3 activity (1.8 ± 0.1% vs. 1.1 ± 0.2%, P<0.01), bax/bcl-2 ratio (2.4 ± 0.3% vs.1.6 ± 0.2%, P<0.05) and phosphorylation activity of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (1.6 ± 0.3 vs. 1.0 ± 0.1, P<0.05) were significantly elevated in the SMP30KO mice compared with WT mice after DOX injection. The numbers of TUNEL-positive nuclei in the myocardium were higher in DOX-treated SMPKO mice than in DOX-treated WT mice (0.15 ± 0.02% vs. 0.08 ± 0.01%, P<0.01).
Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that DOX-induced cardiotoxicity is aggravated in SMP30KO mice by exacerbating of superoxide generation, leading to enhanced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. SMP30 has a cardio-protective role by anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidative effects in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.