Abstract 119: Targeting Cardiac Hypertrophy with Small Molecule Inhibitors of JMJD2A
One of the major challenges in managing and treating heart failure patients is to develop disease-modifying drugs that can prevent, reverse, or slow down the disease progression. Upon pathological insults, the heart undergoes remodeling processes, including left ventricular hypertrophy and reprogramming of gene expression. Understanding the mechanisms involved could provide a key to develop interventional therapeutics. Epigenetic modification of chromatin, including histone methylation, regulates gene transcription in response to environmental signals. JMJD2A is a trimethyl-lysine specific histone lysine demethylase. To study the role of JMJD2A, we generated heart specific JMJD2A overexpression and deletion mouse lines. Our studies with these genetically modified mice indicated that JMJD2A is required for pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Furthermore, we show that the demethylase activity of JMJD2A is required for its transcriptional activity. These data suggests that targeting JMJD2A enzymatic activity may be used to suppress hypertrophic remodeling. To test this hypothesis, we tested a collection of small molecule inhibitors of JMJD2 in collaboration with Chemists in NIH and identified several small molecule inhibitors of JMJD2A that are active in cell-based assays. These small molecule inhibitors of JMJD2A inhibited the phenylephrine-stimulated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro. Our data suggests that JMJD2A enzymatic activity may act as a hypertrophic determinant and may be an innovative drug target for prevention and treatment of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.
- © 2012 by American Heart Association, Inc.