Abstract P323: Waon Therapy, a Form of Thermal Therapy, Reduces Oxidative Stress Systemically and Inhibits the Progression of Cardiac Dysfunction in TO-2 Cardiomyopathic Hamsters with Heart Failure
Background: Oxidative stress is one of the most crucial factors that develop chronic heart failure (CHF), leading to cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis and vascular endothelial dysfunction. We have reported that Waon therapy, which is a form of thermal therapy using a far infrared-ray dry sauna at 60 degrees centigrade, improves cardiac and vascular endothelial functions and prognosis in patients with CHF. The aim of this study is to investigate whether Waon therapy reduces oxidative stress and prevents from developing cardiac dysfunction in CHF.
Methods: Thirty-week old male TO-2 cardiomyopathic hamsters with CHF were divided into Waon therapy or control group. Waon therapy group underwent Waon therapy daily for 4 weeks. Control hamsters did not take any treatment. We examined the amounts of reactive oxygen species of serum, hearts and aortas using ELISA and immunohistochemistry. We measured left ventricular % fractional shortening (LV%FS), and performed TUNEL and Azan staining of hearts to assess cardiac function, apoptosis and fibrosis, respectively. Anti-oxidants and apoptotic and angiogenetic factors were assessed by Western blot. All examinations were performed after 4 weeks of treatment.
Results: Four-week Waon therapy significantly decreased oxidative stress of serum, hearts and aortas compared to those of controls. Waon therapy significantly increased LV%FS and decreased cardiac apoptosis and fibrosis (LV%FS, Waon therapy: 23.3±4.3 vs. control: 16.5±4.2%, P<0.01, TUNEL positive nuclei, 22.0±2.6 vs. 49.3±7.2%, P<0.01, % fibrosis, 20.6±5.3 vs. 47.6±4.8%, P<0.01). Waon therapy significantly increased the expressions of manganese superoxide dismutase, heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) and HSP32 of hearts and aortas, which negatively modulate oxidative stress, compared to those of controls. Waon therapy significantly increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase and decreased plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 of aortas. In addition, Waon therapy significantly decreased Bax, cleaved caspase 3 and cytochrome c and increased Bcl-2 and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α of the failing hearts.
Conclusions: Waon therapy reduces oxidative stress systemically and inhibits the progression of cardiac dysfuntion in TO-2 cardiomyopathic hamsters.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.