Abstract P252: Loss of HMGB2 Induces Chromatin Remodeling and Hypertrophic Growth in Cardiomyocytes
Nuclear DNA is packaged around the octameric nucleosome core particle, constituting the basic building block of chromatin. Non-nucleosome chromatin structural molecules have been shown to induce higher order packaging of DNA into structurally compact and inactive heterochromatin, or loosely packed and active euchromatin. These chromatin remodeling events are thought to establish a cell type specific pattern of gene expression. During the development of cardiac hypertrophy and failure, genes normally only expressed during development are re-activated. While a number of transcription factors involved in these changes in fetal gene expression have been identified, the means for genome-wide structural remodeling of DNA are unknown. To identify factors controlling genomic plasticity in cardiomyocytes, we used mass spectrometry to quantify chromatin-associated proteins from cardiac nuclei during stages of hypertrophy and failure in the mouse. Adult mice were subjected to cardiac pressure overload by transverse aortic constriction. Chromatin was fractionated from cardiac nuclei and DNA-bound proteins were acid extracted and analyzed by mass spectrometry. We measured chromatin occupancy patterns for >300 proteins during distinct stages of heart failure. To explore the isoform specific roles of individual chromatin structural proteins, we used siRNA to knock-down expression of two high mobility group proteins (HMGB1 and 2) exhibiting altered expression in the hypertrophic heart. Loss of HMGB2 (but not HMGB1) induced robust hypertrophic growth in cardiomyocytes. qRT-PCR analyses demonstrated that HMGB2 is responsible for some but not all changes in the fetal gene program (ANF increased 150% and SERCA decreased 20%, whereas α- and β-MHC were unchanged). To further explore the endogenous regions of the genome under control of HMGB2 packing, we performed microarrays following HMGB2 knockdown. Hypertrophy or HMGB2 knock-down induced global chromatin remodeling conducive to gene expression, as measured by histone post-translational modifications and the ratio of core to linker histones. These studies reveal a novel role of HMGB2 to inhibit hypertrophic growth and provide insights into general principles for genome-wide chromatin remodeling.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.