Abstract P215: β3-Adrenergic Receptor Mediated NOS Signaling in Cardiomyocytes
Beta3 -adrenergic receptors play a pivotal role in modulating cardiac function, though their precise role in the heart remains controversial. We have recently demonstrated alterations in Ca2+-dependent NOS isoforms and decreased NOS activity in left ventricular tissue of beta3-/- mice after pressure overload. However, the exact manner in which beta3-AR signaling regulates these isoforms to stimulate NOS activity at the cardiomyocyte level is not well understood. In this study we used a specific beta3-AR agonist, BRL37344 (BRL), to assess the role of beta3-AR in eNOS and nNOS regulation in hypertrophied isolated neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVM). To induce hypertrophy we pretreated cells with norepinephrine for 72 hours, which resulted in a 70% increase in cell size and a 25% increase in beta3-AR mRNA expression as compared with non-hypertrophied cells, analyzed by immunocytochemistry and real-time PCR. In hypertrophied cardiomyocytes, BRL administration lead to a time-dependent 5-fold increase in NOS activity, measured by the arginine-to-citrulline conversion assay. beta3-activation also caused a 1.5-fold increase in nNOS phosphorylation at positive regulatory site Ser1416, and dephosphorylation of negative regulatory site Ser847 as compared with unstimulated control. NOS activity and nNOS phosphorylation overlapped in time. In addition BRL induced phosphorylation eNOS-Ser114, which indicates eNOS deactivation. Pretreatment with pertussis toxin (PTX) suppressed BRL-induced nNOS-Ser1416 phosphorylation, nNOS-Ser847 dephosphorylation, and NOS activity, suggesting Gi/o dependency. Taken together, our data suggest that BRL regulates NOS signaling in ventricular cardiomyocytes via phosphorylation regulation of nNOS. To our knowledge this is first study to demonstrate a role for nNOS phosphorylation as a key factor in beta3-AR signaling. These results contribute significantly to our understanding the negative inotropic properties of myocardial beta3-AR at cellular levels during cardiac sympathetic overstimulation, and will ultimately aid in drug discoveries that target the molecular mechanisms associated heart failure.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.