Abstract P212: Haploinsufficiency of Target of Rapamycin Attenuates Different Forms of Cardiomyopathies in Adult Zebrafish
In contrast to the wide application of zebrafish embryos in developmental genetic studies, the value of an adult zebrafish to dissect signaling pathways in human diseases such as cardiomyopathy remains largely elusive. Previously, we have established anemic tr265/tr265 fish as the first adult zebrafish model of cardiomyopathy. Here, we generate the second adult zebrafish cardiomyopathy model induced by injection of a single bolus of doxorubicin (DOX). Despite their different pathogenesis, cardiac enlargement induced by either anemia or DOX can be effectively attenuated by inhibition of target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling via rapamycin treatment. However, along the progression of both models, we have also detected dynamic TOR activity and distinct effects of TOR signaling inhibition at different stages of pathogenesis. To assess the long term effects of TOR haploinsufficiency, we utilized a zebrafish target of rapamycin (ztor) mutant that was identified from a mutagenesis screen. We show that sustained TOR inhibition in ztor/+ improved cardiac function, prevented pathological remodeling events, and ultimately reduced mortality in both adult fish models of cardiomyopathy. Mechanistically, these cardioprotective effects are conveyed by the anti-hypertrophy, anti-apoptosis, and pro-autophagy function of TOR signaling inhibition. Together, our results prove adult zebrafish as a novel vertebrate model for human cardiomyopathies and provide genetic evidences for a cardioprotective function of TOR signaling inhibition in different forms of cardiomyopathies.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.