Abstract P158: MicroRNA-22 Modulates Cardiac Gene Expression and Controls Compensation to Hemodynamic Stress in Mice
Recent evidence suggests that miRNAs play an important role in cardiac morphogenesis and pathophyiology of heart failure. To explore the role of miR-22 in the mouse heart physiology, we generated miR-22 null (KO) mice. Although, miR-22 KO mice showed normal cardiac structure and function at baseline, these mice are sensitized to maladaptive remodeling (cardiac dilation) and decompensation in response to pressure overload by transverse aortic constrictions (TAC) stimulation. Genome-wide molecular analysis of KO hearts revealed attenuated expression of numerous CarG-dependent genes encoding proteins that reside at the sarcomeric Z-disc (including Myh7, Acta1, Mlp, Melusin, MyoZ2) indicating that miR-22 is required for optimum muscle gene expression. Alterations in sarcomeric gene expression is especially interesting as this suggests a primary role of miR-22 in controlling cardiac contractility and adaptation to stress. Targetomics analysis revealed that mechanistically this effect could be modulated in part by miR-22 target PURB (Purine Rich element binding protein B), a transcriptional/translational repressor.
In conclusion we define a critical role of miR-22 in cardiac adaptation to hemodynamic stress. Furthermore, these data provides a previously unseen essential molecular mechanism that underlies homeostatic control of sarcomeric protein expression in the heart.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.