Abstract P141: Gender Differences in the Development of Severe Pulmonary Hypertension and Right Ventricular Dysfunction in Apolipoprotein E--Deficient Mice Are Eliminated with Increasing Age
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a multifunctional protein and its deficiency leads to the development of atherosclerosis in mice. Patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) have reduced expression of ApoE in lung tissue. ApoE is known to inhibit endothelial and smooth muscle cell proliferation and has anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet aggregation properties. Young ApoE deficient mice have been shown to develop high fat diet-induced PH in a gender specific manner. Estrous cyclicity peaks at 7–8 months and declines by 9 months of age in mice. Here we investigated the effects of monocrotaline (MCT) on young and middle-aged ApoE deficient mice.Middle-Aged (MA) (11–12 month old) male (n=4) and female (n=4) and young (7–8 month old) male (n=5) and female (n=5) ApoE deficient mice were injected with a single intraperitoneal dose of MCT (60 mg/kg). Mice were closely monitored for ∼4 weeks with serial echocardiography for cardiopulmonary hemodynamic assessment. Direct cardiac catheterisation was performed terminally to record peak systolic right ventricular pressure (RVP). RV, LV, IVS and lung tissue was dissected and weighed. Trichrome staining and histochemical analyses were performed. At ∼4 weeks after MCT, MA male and female and young male mice developed severe PH (RVP: MA male=64±5 mmHg, MA female=71±4 mmHg, young male=60±5 mmHg, p=n.s between all the groups) whereas young females developed significantly less severe PH (RVP: 37±5 mmHg, P<0.05 vs. MA male and female, and young male). MA male and female and young male mice developed severe RV dysfunction (RV ejection fraction (RVEF): MA male=31±2%, MA female=28±4%, young male=36±1%, p=n.s between all the groups) whereas young females showed significantly better RV function (RVEF: 43±2%, P<0.05 vs. MA male and female, and young male). MA male and female mice also developed more severe RV hypertrophy (RV/LV+Septum, MA male=0.49, MA female=0.53, young female=0.39). MA male and female mice also manifested increased peripheral pulmonary artery muscularization and pulmonary fibrosis. Interestingly, the gender differences witnessed between young ApoE deficient male and female mice in the development of severe PH and RV dysfunction are abolished as the mice increase in age.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.