Abstract P106: Polymorphisms in Candidate Genes and Early Atherosclerosis: A Study of 115 Autopsy Cases of Young Adults
Atherosclerosis, a major cause of death, is a complex disease, involving both genetic and environmental factors. Chronic inflammation plays a central role in its pathogenesis; however, the influence of genetic variations on early development of atherosclerosis has been poorly investigated. We examined the relationship of five common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with atherosclerotic severity in the anterior descendent coronary artery (DA) in 115 consecutive individuals under 30 years autopsied at the Legal Medical Institute of Rio de Janeiro. Histological sections were stained with hematoxilin-eosin and classified for atherosclerosis lesion accordingly to the American Heart Association. DNA was extracted and genotyped for SNPs in the angiotensin conversion enzyme, tumoral necrosis factor-alpha (−308G/A and −238 G/A), interferon-gama (+874 A/T), and metalloproteinase-9 (−1562 C/T) genes by automatic sequencing. Fire weapon lesion was the major causa mortis (72%). Population mean age was 26 years, 100 male and 15 female; 35% were slims, 58% regular weight and 7% obese; 22% white, 51% non-white, and 17% blacks. Only 2 subjects had normal DA histology, while 17 presented level II lesions, 74 level III, 7 level IV, 14 level V. and 1 level VI. 49 individuals presented genotype DD, related to high serum levels of ECA, while 18 were II (related with low ECA levels) and 48 DI (allele frequencies of D = 0,635; I = 0,365). For TNF-α promoter polymorphisms (where allele A is associated with high TNF-α level), 59 presented genotype GG, 21 GA, and 8 AA at position -308 (G = 0,790; A = 0,210), while 84 were GG, 3 GA, and 2 AA at position -238 (G = 0,961; A = 0,039). The allele T at position +874 of INF-γ (related to high INF-γ levels) was present in 45 subjects, while for MMP-9 SNP 49 individuals presented genotype CC, 14 CT, and 3 TT (C = 0,848; T = 0,152). In conclusion, we observed a high prevalence of early atherosclerotic lesions (level III) in young adults, with high prevalence of DD genotype, associated with high ECA serum levels.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.