Abstract P050: Novel Mechanism of Ser-496 ERK5 Phosphorylation and Association with p90RSK Is Critical for Regulating C Terminus of Hsc70-Interacting Protein (CHIP) Ubiquitin E3 Ligase Activity in Diabetes-Mediated Exacerbation of Cardiomyocyte Apoptosis and Left Ventricular Dysfunction After Myocardial Infarction
Rationale: Cardiac dysfunction is accelerated in DM patients after MI. Previously, we reported the critical role of ERK5 and CHIP association on CHIP Ub E3 ligase activity, which inhibits inducible cAMP early repressor (ICER)-mediated apoptosis and left ventricle (LV) dysfunction after MI in DM (DM + MI). Yet the regulatory mechanism of ERK5-CHIP has not been established.
Objective:Since we found that p90RSK activation was increased in DM heart, we investigated whether p90RSK activation may inhibit ERK5-mediated CHIP activation, and subsequent ICER induction and apoptosis.
Methods and Results:The inhibition of p90RSK activation prevented the reduction of ERK5-CHIP binding, CHIP activity, as well as ICER induction and cardiac apoptosis both in vitro after angiotensin II (ang II) stimulation and in vivo after DM + MI. p90RSK and CHIP share a same binding site with ERK5 C-terminal domain (aa571–807), and overexpression of both p90RSK and ERK5 (aa571–807) fragment, but not kinase dead mutant of p90RSK, inhibited ERK5-CHIP association, suggesting the critical role of p90RSK activation on ERK5-CHIP interaction, and competitive nature of p90RSK and CHIP against ERK5 association. Furthermore. LC-MS/MS analysis identified ERK5-S496 as being directly phosphorylated by p90RSK, and ERK5 S496A mutant significantly impaired ang II-mediated inhibition of CHIP Ub ligase activity, suggesting the critical role of Ser-496 phoaphorylation of ERK5 on CHIP activity. Therefore, p90RSK activation is critical for both p90RSK-ERK5 association as well as ERK5-Ser496 phosphorylation, and following disruption of ERK5-CHIP interaction and subsequent inhibition of CHIP Ub ligase activity. The reduction of CHIP Ub ligase activity and LV dysfunction were accelerated both in cardio-specific ERK5 knock out and wild type p90RSK transgenic mice (WT-p90RSK-Tg). Furthermore, double transgenic mice of WT-p90RSK and constitutively active form of MEK5α (specific ERK5 activator) inhibited single WT-p90RSK-Tg-medaited reduction of CHIP Ub ligase activity, LV dysfunction, and improved mortality after MI.
Conclusions:These data strongly suggested that p90RSK activation accelerated cardiac dysfunction and apoptosis after DM + MI via inhibiting ERK5-CHIP module.
- © 2011 by American Heart Association, Inc.