Left Ventricular Function in Mammals of Greatly Different Size
Studies of left ventricular volume and pressure have been carried out in the control state in four classes of intact anesthetized mammals (horses, cattle, swine, and dogs), body weights of which varied 54-fold. On the basis of these studies of both large and small hearts, extending over a wide range, a pattern of function for the left ventricle of all mammals has been described. Mathematical equations are given describing the interrelationships between left ventricular end-diastolic volume and end-systolic volume, stroke volume, cardiac output, stroke-work, heart rate, and total peripheral resistance.
- Received June 8, 1961.
- © 1962 American Heart Association, Inc.