Myocardial Carbohydrate Metabolism in Normal Dogs, with Effects of Hyperglycemia and Starvation
Myocardial metabolism of Nembutalized normal intact dogs was studied with the aid of the coronary sinus catheterization technic. Oxygen, glucose, lactate and pyruvate were extracted by the heart in direct relation to the arterial level of each substance, independently of the others. Pyruvate and lactate showed a high myocarcdial extraction coefficient, but the normal low arterial levels at rest prevented them from together accounting for more than 50 per cent of the total myocardial energy requirements. Glucose was not utilized below a mean threshold of 54 mg. per cent, but with normal arterial levels of 70 to 120 mg. per cent, glucose extraction was sufficient to provide the major potential source of fuel for myocardial oxidative energy. During starvation, the heart probably derived its energy from fat, as indicated by a myocardial respiratory quotient near 0.70, and a low myocardial carbohydrate extraction.
- Received June 12, 1953.
- © 1953 American Heart Association, Inc.