Cardiac Function in Experimental Mitral Stenosis
The results of 85 combined right and left heart catheterizations in normal dogs and dogs with experimental mitral stenosis are presented. Animals lived as long as 10 months with elevated pulmonary vein pressures. Pulmonary vein pressures in excess of 15 mm. Hg were associated with mitral orifice areas which were smaller than those found in normal animals. Elevation of pulmonary vein pressure was associated with a decrease in the pulmonary vascular pressure gradient, with no change in cardiac index as measured and with a decrease in calculated pulmonary vascular resistance.
- Received December 22, 1952.
- © 1953 American Heart Association, Inc.